Rare Earth Elements and Other Critical Metals in Deep

The critical metal contents of four types of seabed mineral resources, including a deep-sea sediment deposit, are evaluated as potential rare earth element (REE) resources. The deep-sea resources have relatively low total rare earth oxide (TREO) contents, a narrow range of TREO grades (0.049–0.185%), and show characteristics that are consistent with those of land-based ion

Get Price
[]

Seabed Legislation University of Miami

ing the probable substance of a seabed mining bill, the following is a summary discussion of the legislation which passed the House of Rep-resentatives during the 95th Congress. The "Deep Seabed Hard Minerals Resources Act' contains four separate titles

Get Price

Workshop to set platform for management of deep seabed

This, in turn has triggered growing interest in mining deep-sea minerals in the Pacific Region. In addition to SMS, the seabed of the region is abundant in manganese nodules and cobalt rich crusts.

Get Price

1. Deep Seabed and Ocean Floor Yearbook of International

Subjects entitled to claim compensation may include the Authority, entities engaged in deep seabed mining, other users of the sea, and coastal States. (para. 179) No provision of the Convention can be read as explicitly entitling the Authority to make such a claim.

Get Price
[]

THE COMMON HERITAGE OF MANKIND AN ADEQUATE

seabed issues and those related to deep seabed mining in the 1970s do not negate the need for a legal regime to govern such activities. This article examines whether the common heritage of mankind principle has the potential to become a juridical standard capable of managing activities relating to the deep seabed.

Get Price

China, ISA to Establish Deep Ocean Center

Oct 28, 2019 · The center will also support the conduct of collaborative research programs related to the latest developments concerning activities in the deep seabed, along with the organization of conferences and workshops, and the dissemination of the results of marine scientific research in

Get Price

Guntrip, Edward-- "The Common Heritage of Mankind An

Due to the current technology relating to the deep seabed, art 2(4) of the UN Charter appears to be a satisfactory means of preventing similar attacks. The prohibition on carrying nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction, similar to that in the Moon Treaty, would be inapplicable.

Get Price
[]

The U.S. Can Mine the Deep Seabed Without Joining

the deep seabed through bilat eral and multilateral agreements with other deep seabed mining nations. The UNCLOS mining regime is based on the philosophy that the deep seabed is the "common heritage of mankind" and that the profits generated from min ing must be shared with develop

Get Price

ISA Talks Consider Development of Regulations on Deep

Aug 08, 2019 · 26 July 2019 The second part of the 25th annual session of the International Seabed Authority (ISA), which included meetings of the Authority's Council and Assembly, focused on the Authority's central consideration at this point in time the development of the draft exploitation regulations on deep-seabed mining.

Get Price
[]

Bioprospecting of Genetic Resources in the Deep

3.2.2.1. The role of patents with regard to deep seabed genetic resources 19 3.2.2.2. Review of patents related to deep seabed genetic resources 20 3.3. Information on recorded or potential impacts of research activities carried out in the deep seabed 21 3.4. Technological constraints and opportunities for deep seabed bioprospecting 22 3.5.

Get Price

Deep seabed mining is a new — and lightly regulated

Jun 10, 2014 · Deep seabed mining is a new — and lightly regulated — ecological experiment. Living on Earth. June 10, 2014 · 645 PM EDT Related Stories

Get Price

Deep Seabed Law and Legal Definition USLegal, Inc.

Deep Seabed Law and Legal Definition. According to 30 USCS § 1403 (4), the term deep seabed means "the seabed, and the subsoil thereof to a depth of ten meters, lying seaward of and outside-- (A) the Continental Shelf of any nation; and (B) any area of national resource jurisdiction of any foreign nation, if such area extends beyond

Get Price
[]

The International Seabed Authority MPIL

Informal Consultations on Outstanding Issues Relating to the Deep Seabed Mining Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Collected Documents, International Seabed Authority, 2002, with bib-liography; Legislative History of the "Enterprise" under the United Nations

Get Price
[]

The Deep Seabed Customary Law Codified

THE DEEP SEABED allocation involved in mining the deep seabed. The Convention that emerged from that effort awaited ratification for 12 years, but the framework needed to achieve the objective of creating "favorable conditions for peace and order in the oceans"6 had been established.

Get Price
Published in The Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law · 1988Authors Katherine Dixon

Manganese nodule Wikipedia

By 1972, the promise of nodule exploitation was one of the main factors that led developing nations to propose that the deep seabed beyond the limits of national jurisdiction should be treated as a "common heritage of mankind", with proceeds to be shared between those who developed this resource and the rest of the international community.

Get Price

Access to information case on deep seabed mining in Papua

Dec 08, 2017 · It is the first case relating to the world's first commercial deep seabed mine. It is also one of the first public interest access to information cases brought under the PNG Constitution, as PNG does not have freedom of information laws. Community representatives have been requesting information over a number of years.

Get Price
[]

The Deep Seabed The Laws of Nature and NatureâŽs

The deep seabed is a vast expanse of underwater terrain upon which are scattered enormous quantities of rock-hard, potato-shaped clumps of minerals called manganese nodules. Ownership of the deep seabed, and its fabulous storehouse of wealth, has been the subject of great controversy involving the most fundamental principle of the law of the sea.

Get Price
Author ISBA HQ

Deep Seabed mining in the Pacific, a recent lecture

Should deep seabed mining proceed at the present time? Mr Lodge was clear this question is for the 168 States parties that comprise the ISA. However, bearing in mind the significant technical hurdles that deep seabed mining faces; the lack of conclusive scientific evidence of the

Get Price

Frontiers Deep-Sea Mining With No Net Loss of

The Potential Impact of Deep-Sea Mining. Potential indirect impacts on the seabed and water column both within and outside of the directly mined area include the smothering of habitat and biota, interference with feeding activities, and the release and spread of nutrient-rich and toxin-laden water from the generation of plumes ( Ellis,

Get Price
[]

Property Issues Relating to Deep-Seabed Mining in the

the restrictions relating to deep seabed mining, such as the extensions of the zones and the cooperation with the international community6. According to article 2 of the United Nation Convention on the Law of the Sea (Here-inafter UNCLOS) of 1982 also called the

Get Price

Deep Seabed Mining

This area of deep seabed beyond national jurisdiction is defined by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea ("LOSC") as "the Area". This new industry is intended to be regulated pursuant to LOSC by the International Seabed Authority (a body created by LOSC).

Get Price

ISA Talks Consider Development of Regulations on Deep

Aug 08, 2019 · 26 July 2019 The second part of the 25th annual session of the International Seabed Authority (ISA), which included meetings of the Authority's Council and Assembly, focused on the Authority's central consideration at this point in time the development of the draft exploitation regulations on deep-seabed mining.

Get Price

ALL STATES MUST BENEFIT FROM EXPLOITATION OF DEEP SEABED

The five-year plan embodies the ISA's vision for implementing Part XI and other provisions related to the deep seabed beyond a national jurisdiction under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and its 1994 Implementation Agreement.

Get Price

Deep Seabed Hard Minerals Act Federal Trade Commission

Deep Seabed Hard Minerals Act. Under Section 103(d) of this Act, the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the Department of Commerce must provide the Attorney General and the Federal Trade Commission with an opportunity to review and make recommendations concerning the antitrust implications

Get Price
[]

The U.N. Law of the Sea Conference and the U.S.

[the] seabed and subsoil of the submarine area adjacent to the coast but. outside the area of the territorial sea, to a depth of 200 meters or, beyond. that limit, to where the depth of the superadjacent waters admits of the. exploitation of the natural resources of the said area.

Get Price

State Practice in Deep Seabed Mining The Case of the

Under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), the international deep seabed area is named "the Area", which, together with its resources, is the common heritage of mankind.1 No State should claim or exercise sovereignty or sovereign rights over any part of the Area or its resources, nor should any State or natural or legal person appropriate any part thereof.2

Get Price

What is the Area and the International Seabed Authority

The fundamental competences of the Authority are to regulate exploration and mining in the deep seabed and to ensure that the marine environment is protected from any harmful effects which may arise during exploration and mining activities (UNCLOS, art. 145).

Get Price

Text of H.R. 2759 (96th) Deep Seabed Hard Mineral

PUBLIC LAW 96-283—JUNE 28, 1980 94 STAT. 553 Public Law 96-283 96th Congress An Act To establish an interim procedure for the orderly development of hard mineral June 28,1980 resources in the deep seabed, pending adoption of an international regime relat-

Get Price

Hon. Mike Henry Presented with Polymetallic Nodule from

Hon. L. Michael Henry, C.D., M.P., Minister without Portfolio in the Office of the Prime Minister holding a Polymetallic Nodule retrieved from the Deep Seabed at a depth of 4500 meters ( 14763.78ft.) below sea level. The nodule was presented to Minister Henry by Mr. Peter Jantzen, CEO of Blue

Get Price
[]

Testimony United States Senate Committee on Foreign

regime for extracting mineral resources from the ocean floor in the deep seabed, an area over which no country has sovereign rights. The International Seabed Authority (ISA) develops the rules, regulations and procedures relating to the deep seabed. The Convention guarantees the United States, and only the United States, a permanent seat

Get Price